Grade 6

We believe in balance between the Arts and the Sciences. 

At GSJ - Arts education is crucial. Years of research show that it's closely linked to almost everything that we as a nation say we want for our children and demand from our schools: academic achievement, social and emotional development, civic engagement, and equitable opportunity.

Involvement in the arts is associated with gains in math, reading, cognitive ability, critical thinking, and verbal skill. Arts learning can also improve motivation, concentration, confidence, and teamwork. We deeply believe in the whole child / every child.

Core Classes - English / Science / Mathematics

English

Using a motif of Heroes, Helpers, and Hope, students in the 6th Grade English course will acquire the reading, writing, language, and speaking/listening skills necessary for success in college, career, and beyond. Students will become critical readers and thinkers as they delve into fiction and informational texts within the course. They will also learn to effectively write narrative, informational, and argumentative pieces and present their ideas clearly and cohesively.

Major Topics and Concepts for English 6

Semester 1 - Reading Comprehension / Informational and Expository Writing / Narrative Writing

  • Developing an idea
  • Identifying theme
  • Plot pattern
  • Comparing and contrasting mediums
  • Using context clues
  • Thesaurus and dictionary skills
  • Implicit and explicit meaning
  • Finding the main idea
  • Writing an effective summary
  • Assess internet sources
  • Why writers choose words
  • Reading informational texts
  • Researching and organizing information
  • Avoiding plagiarism / citing sources
  • Writing an introduction 
  • Connecting  and supporting ideas
  • Writing a conclusion 
  • Revising writing
  • Using formal language in writing
  • Recognizing point of view
  • Identifying the narrator
  • Planning narrative writing
  • Beginning a narrative
  • Writing dialogue
  • Writing the body of a narrative
  • Using commas
  • Writing effective transitions

Semester 2 - Reading Comprehension / Argumentative Writing / Fiction Analysis

  • Novel / Short Story Study
  • Analyzing central idea
  • Structure and development of texts
  • Compare and contrast genre
  • Context Clues
  • Read various types of fiction
  • Spelling
  • Interpreting information in various formats
  • Formal style
  • Poetry
  • Figures of speech: personification / hyperbole / alliteration
  • Compare themes in different  genre
  • Greek and Latin word clues
  • Implicit and explicit evidence in texts
  • Figurative Language: alliteration/ onomatopoeia
  • Plot analysis
  • Drama development
  • Point of view of fiction characters
  • Pronoun case: subjective, objective and possessive 
  • Intensive pronouns
  • Inappropriate pronoun shifts
  • Vague pronouns
  • Multimedia components
  • Oral discussions / rules of collegial discussions / adapt speech
  • Argumentation analysis
  • Restrictive / parenthetical elements
  • Support claims
  • Delineate an argument
  • Trace and evaluate argument
  • Distinguishing valid / invalid claims
  • Comma usage
  • Draw evidence from informational text
  • Write argumentation introduction / claims and support / conclusion
  • Characteristics of drama 
  • History of drama and its relevance 
  • Language patterns in historical and contemporary texts
  • Mood in drama

Science

6th Grade Science is the first in a series of three consecutive middle school science classes. This course provides an introduction to Science, Energy, Force, Weather, Climate, The Earth’s Systems, and the Living World. Some topics are explored in depth while others are introduced to serve as building blocks for Comprehensive Science 2 and 3. During this course students will explore science through every day examples and experiences. Students will participate in activities and online laboratory experiences to apply what they have learned.

Major Topics and Concepts for Science 6

Semester 1:

  • What is science?
  • Scientific Theories
  • Scientific Laws
  • Scientific Method- purpose
  • Scientific Method –steps
  • Metric System
  • Metric Conversions
  • Graphing for Science
  • What is energy?
  • Potential and Kinetic Energy
  • Law of Conservation of Energy
  • Energy transfers and transformations
  • Heat and Temperature
  • Heat Transfer Convection
  • Heat Transfer Conduction
  • Heat Transfer Radiation
  • Nonrenewable Energy
  • Renewable Energy
  • What is force?
  • What is mass?
  • How does mass effect force/
  • Contact forces
  • Contact forces friction
  • Balanced forces
  • Unbalanced forces
  • Distance Forces
  • Distance Force: Gravity
  • Distance Force: Magnetism
  • Distance Forces: electrical
  • What is speed
  • Determining speed (mathematical approach)
  • Graphing for speed and distance

Semester 2:

  • What is weather?
  • Cloud formation and types
  • Precipitation
  • Air pressure
  • Temperature
  • Temperature Graphing , Mathematical approach
  • Wind currents
  • Humidity and temperature
  • Historical weather events and folklore
  • Earth’s Systems
  • Interactions between Earth’s Systems
  • Jet Stream
  •  Ocean Currents
  • Natural Disasters
  • Natural Disasters: Hurricanes
  • Natural Disasters: Tornadoes
  • Protection from Natural Disasters
  • Dangers and Protection from the Sun
  • How weather effects the physical features of the earth
  • Physical Weathering
  • Chemical Weathering
  • What is climate?
  • Global Warming 
  • Hierarchical organization of organisms
  • Cell theory
  • Organelles
  • Cell Processes: Respiration
  • Cell Processes: Waste removal
  • Cell Processes: Mitosis
  • Human Body Systems
  • Classification of the Living World

Mathematics

The course is designed to engage students at every turn. Students have the opportunity to demonstrate their knowledge of number manipulation by applying it to real world scenarios. The course is packed with games that reinforce content and let students practice the skills they have learned throughout the course. Tidbits of trivia and activities throughout the course leave students with a smile.

Semester 1

Module 01: Decimals and Fractions

  • Adding and Subtracting Decimals
  • Multiplying Decimals
  • Division
  • Division of Fractions
  • Unit Cubes and Volume

 Module 02: Ratios and Rate Reasoning

  • Understanding a Ratio
  • The Unit Rate
  • Equivalent Ratios
  • Percentages
  • Measurements
  • Unit Conversions

 Module 03: Rational Numbers

  • Greatest Common Factor
  • Least Common Multiple               
  • Positive and Negative Numbers               
  • The Number Line            
  • Ordering of Numbers
  • The Absolute Value

Module 04: The Coordinate Plane

  • Ordered Pairs   
  • Plotting on the Coordinate Plane
  • Ratios and the Coordinate Plane              
  • Applications with Coordinates

Semester  2:

Module 05: Area

  • Area of Triangles
  • Area of Quadrilaterals
  • Area of Polygons
  • Shapes on the Coordinate Plane
  • Surface Area of Prisms
  • Surface Area of Pyramids

 Module 06: Expressions

  • Numerical Expressions
  • Algebraic Expressions
  • Parts of Expressions
  • Evaluating Algebraic Expressions
  • Algebraic Properties
  • Equivalent Expressions

 Module 07: Equations

  • Solutions to Equations and Inequalities
  • Applications with Expressions
  • Solving Equations
  • Inequalities
  • Dependent and Independent Variables

 Module 08: Understanding Data

  • Statistical Questioning
  • Measurements of Data
  • Dot Plots and Histograms
  • Box Plots
  • Summarizing Data
  • Data with Outliers